What is Imposter Syndrome at Work?

Last update on:
Woman holding a mask representing what is imposter syndrome at work by GradSimple.

Time to Read: 7 minutes

I vividly remember the mix of excitement and nervousness that came with my first job. Despite having graduated with good grades and even landing a position that paid pretty well, the doubt silently crept in. Was I really qualified? Could I live up to the expectations? Internally, it was a constant battle with the feeling that, at any moment, someone would uncover that I didn’t truly belong.


  • Widespread Experience: Many, especially recent graduates, feel less competent than others view them, a core aspect of imposter syndrome.
  • Signs to Watch For: Key indicators include relentless self-doubt, fear of exposure as a fraud, and struggling to accept praise.
  • Graduates at Risk: The shift from school to work heightens vulnerability, with new roles and high expectations intensifying imposter feelings.

What is Imposter Syndrome?

Imposter syndrome is the internal experience of believing that you are not as competent as others perceive you to be, despite evidence of your success.

A third of young people suffer from imposter syndrome. 70% of all people experience it at some point of time in their lives.


It manifests through a persistent fear of being exposed as a “fraud,” alongside a tendency to attribute one’s achievements to luck or external factors rather than one’s own skill or hard work. Individuals may constantly doubt their accomplishments, feeling undeserving of their position, accolades, or success.

College students, Graduate students, and those in healthcare display higher rates of imposter syndrome.

At its core, imposter syndrome involves a significant disconnect between perceived and actual ability. This discrepancy leads to a cycle of fear and self-doubt, where individuals struggle to internalize their successes, often believing they’ve somehow deceived others into overestimating their competence.

Quote on how high achievers are more likely to feel imposter syndrome at work by GradSimple.

Those experiencing imposter syndrome frequently battle thoughts of not belonging or fearing that their lack of “true” ability will soon be uncovered. They might overprepare, procrastinate, or work much harder than necessary to prove their worth, driven by the fear of failure or exposure.

Recognizing the Signs

Imposter syndrome can be subtle, often masquerading as mere jitters or self-doubt common to any new challenge. Here are some indicators that what you’re experiencing might be more than just typical nerves:

Infographic of common signs of imposter syndrome at work by GradSimple.

Persistent Self-Doubt

A hallmark of imposter syndrome is the continuous questioning of your abilities and achievements. You might find yourself downplaying your success, attributing it to external factors like luck, timing, or even assuming you’ve deceived others into overvaluing your contributions.

Persistent Anxiety Over Failure

The fear of failure is characterized by an overwhelming concern that one’s efforts will not be good enough, leading to a reluctance to take risks or attempt new challenges.

PRO TIP: This fear often results in avoidance behaviors, such as shying away from tasks where success is not guaranteed or procrastinating on assignments due to the dread of potential mistakes.

Fear of Being Exposed as a Fraud

This fear goes beyond healthy self-reflection or humility. It’s an ever-present anxiety that others will unveil you as unqualified, despite a lack of evidence to support this belief and plenty of evidence to the contrary.

Overworking to Compensate

Feeling as though you’re not enough can lead to overcompensation through excessive work, setting unrealistically high goals, or spending far more time on tasks than necessary, all to avoid any possibility of failure or discovery.

PRO TIP: This is especially common for those who are overly competitive, need to ‘be the best’, or who are perfectionists. They tend to self impose practically impossible to achieve goals and if they fail to attain them, perceive their failures as due to ‘lack of ability’.

Difficulty Accepting Praise

Compliments or positive feedback may feel undeserved for those with imposter syndrome. You might deflect praise or respond with a justification of how anyone could have achieved what you did, unable to accept acknowledgment of your efforts and outcomes genuinely.

Fear of Success

A less recognized sign is self-sabotage or withdrawing from opportunities due to a fear of failure or exposure. This can manifest as procrastination, avoiding taking on new challenges, or not applying for promotions or roles you’re qualified for.

Why Recent Graduates Are Vulnerable

The transition from academic life to the professional world is a significant shift, marked by new environments, expectations, and challenges. This period of change makes recent graduates particularly susceptible to imposter syndrome for several reasons:

High Expectations and Self-Pressure

Graduates often enter the workforce with high expectations of immediate success and perfection in their roles. This pressure, whether self-imposed or perceived from others, can heighten feelings of inadequacy when faced with the normal learning curve of any new job.

Comparison with Peers

Social media and professional networks make it easy to compare oneself with peers, who may seem to be more successful or to have adjusted better to their professional roles. This comparison can exacerbate feelings of being an imposter, especially if you’re struggling in silence.

Lack of Professional Experience

With limited work experience, graduates might find it challenging to trust their skills and contributions fully. The unfamiliarity of the professional environment compared to the structured, feedback-oriented academic setting can lead to doubts about one’s abilities and the value of one’s contributions.

Fear of Failure

For many, college provided a clear roadmap of success and achievement. Entering the workforce introduces a much less predictable path, where the risk of failure feels greater. This fear can intensify imposter syndrome, as any mistake or setback might be seen as proof of one’s inadequacy.

New Challenges and Responsibilities

Starting a new job involves learning specific skills, adapting to a company’s culture, and taking on responsibilities that are often new and challenging. The pressure to quickly master these aspects can make graduates feel like they’re constantly playing catch-up, reinforcing the imposter syndrome narrative.

The Personal and Professional Impact

Imposter syndrome has tangible effects on both personal well-being and professional development.

Impact on Mental Health

Constant self-doubt and the fear of being exposed as a fraud can lead to significant stress, anxiety, and even depression. The perpetual cycle of overpreparation and overworking to avoid failure can result in burnout, affecting overall mental health and happiness.

Hindered Career Progression

The fear of failure and exposure often leads individuals to avoid taking risks or pursuing opportunities for advancement. This self-limiting behavior can stall career growth, as opportunities for learning, development, and promotion may be passed up due to fear of not measuring up.

Reduced Work Performance

Despite often leading to overworking, imposter syndrome can paradoxically reduce the quality of work performance. The focus on avoiding mistakes rather than on achieving success can limit creativity and innovation, critical components of effective job performance.

Strain on Professional Relationships

Imposter syndrome can make it challenging to accept help, collaborate effectively, or seek mentorship, as individuals may fear that seeking support will reveal their perceived inadequacy. This can lead to isolation and limit the benefits of teamwork and networking.

Decreased Job Satisfaction

The constant internal struggle with imposter syndrome can diminish the joy and satisfaction derived from one’s work. Achievements may not feel genuine, and the work environment can become a source of stress rather than fulfillment.

What Is Imposter Syndrome At Work: The Bottom Line

Recognizing the signs and understanding the roots of imposter syndrome carves a path forward, away from self-doubt and towards a more confident and authentic professional self. By fostering a culture of support and open dialogue around these experiences, we can all move closer to realizing our true potential, free from the shadow of feeling inadequate.

For more insights, personalized guidance, and resources on career readiness, subscribe to GradSimple. Join our community, and together, let’s navigate your transition from academia to a fulfilling professional future.

Share This Post
Photo of author
The human who runs the ship. Occasional writer, occasional web developer. Yes, this is the guy who hired a raccoon (if you know, you know).

Latest Posts

Bite-Size Stories Of Life After College.

We show what life is like on the other side. One year, three years, ten years out: our interviews share what really goes on after you're handed your diploma. The best part? It’s all free.