The Interview Process 101: Guide For New Graduates

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A visual depiction of the various stages of the interview process, highlighting key steps for new graduates.

Time to Read: 8 minutes

The interview process can feel unpredictable and intimidating, especially if you have limited professional corporate experience. By understanding what each step entails and who typically encounters them, you’ll be better equipped to navigate the interview process with confidence.


  • Learning Interview Steps: Gaining knowledge about the typical stages of the interview process enables new graduates to navigate their job applications with more confidence.
  • Specialized Assessments: Technical, case study, and culture fit interviews assess a candidate’s skills, problem-solving abilities, and alignment with company values.
  • Final Stages: The interview process culminates in job offer negotiations and background checks, emphasizing the importance of authenticity and thorough preparation throughout.


Who Might Encounter This: Every job applicant that applies for a position through a job board or via a company’s website will encounter this step in one way or another.

What’s it about? This is where either a person and/or an algorithm filters candidates. These days, most companies regardless of size use what’s called an Applicant Tracking System (ATS) or some form of similar software to manage and filter resumes. These systems scan resumes for keywords pertaining to skills, experience, qualifications, and achievements.

Usually, a human – the recruiter will review the resumes that were accepted by the ATS to make a final judgment. Profiles that match the job description get selected to move on the interview process.

Screening Call

Who Might Encounter This: Virtually every new graduate applying for entry-level positions will experience this at the beginning of the interview process. Whether you’re aiming for a role in a tech startup, a position in a corporate firm, or a spot in a creative agency, pre-screening is a universal first step.

What’s It About? Imagine this as a ‘first impression’ call. Here, recruiters are looking to verify the basics – your qualifications, resume highlights, and availability. They’re not diving deep into technicalities but rather scoping out if you’re a potential fit for the role and the company culture.

Remember, while it may seem informal, this call sets the tone for your candidacy. It’s your first opportunity to put your best foot forward, showcase your enthusiasm, and give a glimpse of the value you can bring to the table.

First Round Interview

Who Might Encounter This: This stage is a common checkpoint for all candidates, regardless of the industry or role you’re aiming for. It’s a universal part of the interview process where the conversation goes beyond the surface level.

What’s It About? During the first round interview, expect more in-depth questions. Here, recruiters or hiring managers delve into the specifics of your resume, your understanding of the role, and how your experiences align with the job requirements.

Think of it as an opportunity to bring your resume to life. Your responses should paint a picture of who you are as a professional and how you fit into the broader canvas of the company’s vision and goals.

Panel Interview

Who Might Encounter This: Panel interviews are not the norm for every entry-level role but can occur in various sectors, including tech, academia, and some corporate settings. If you’re venturing into these fields, it’s wise to be prepared for this possibility.

What’s It About? In a panel interview, you’re not just conversing with one interviewer but a group of them. Each panel member generally brings their own topic, questions, and evaluation criteria. It’s a dynamic environment where you’re not only answering questions but also managing interactions with multiple people simultaneously.

Your goal with a panel interview is to build a rapport with each interviewer, ensuring your responses resonate with their individual roles and interests within the company. Successfully navigating a panel interview requires a balance of attentiveness, adaptability, and clarity in communication.

Technical Interview

Who Might Encounter This: The technical interview is a key stage for candidates eyeing roles in IT, engineering, science, and other technical sectors. If your career path leads you towards these industries, preparing for this type of interview is essential.

What’s It About? During a technical interview, you’ll be asked to demonstrate specific skills. This could involve solving real-world problems, coding tasks, or technical queries that directly relate to the role you’re applying for. For instance, if you’re aiming for a software developer position, you might be given a coding task to test your programming skills and problem-solving approach.

Navigating the technical interview successfully means proving that you’re not just theoretically sound but also practically capable. Your ability to think on your feet, articulate your thought process, and deliver effective solutions is key.

Case Study Interview

Who Might Encounter This: The case study interview is a common feature for candidates venturing into consulting, business analysis, and certain marketing roles.

What’s It About? In a case study interview, you’re presented with a business problem or scenario, and you’re tasked with analyzing, strategizing, and presenting a solution. For example, if you’re interviewing for a consulting role, you might be given a scenario where you need to advise on increasing a company’s market share or improving its operational efficiency.

This stage of the interview process is your opportunity to demonstrate how you can navigate complex situations, showcasing your ability to dissect problems, think critically, and come up with effective, well-thought-out solutions. It’s not solely about finding the right answer but also about how you approach the problem, structure your thinking, and communicate your ideas effectively.

Culture Fit Interview

Who Might Encounter This: The culture fit interview is a significant step for all candidates, but it holds particular weight in startups, non-profits, and companies where the culture is a core aspect of their identity.

What’s It About? This step of the interview process goes beyond your skills and experiences, diving into how well you align with the company’s values, work environment, and team dynamics. It’s an opportunity for both you and the employer to assess whether there’s a mutual fit.

In this stage, authenticity is your North Star. You should genuinely express your values, work style, and what you seek in a workplace culture. It’s also a chance to evaluate whether the company’s environment is one where you can thrive, an important consideration for your long-term career growth.

Final Interview

Who Might Encounter This: The final interview is a universal stage for candidates who have successfully navigated the earlier parts of the interview process. It’s your last opportunity to solidify your position as the top candidate for the role, regardless of the industry or job function.

What’s It About? This interview often involves higher-level management and is more in-depth than previous stages. You might be asked about your long-term career goals, how you envision contributing to the company, or how you handle complex challenges.

In this stage of the interview process, showcasing your understanding of the company’s challenges, your role in addressing them, and your potential for long-term growth within the organization is crucial.

Job Offer and Negotiation

Who Might Encounter This: This concluding phase of the interview process is encountered by all candidates who have successfully impressed in the final interview.

What’s It About? The job offer and negotiation process is where you discuss and finalize the terms of your employment. This includes salary, benefits, work hours, and other conditions of your employment.

This stage in the interview process is your opportunity to advocate for yourself. Negotiation is a two-way conversation, and it’s important to approach it with a balance of assertiveness and openness to finding a mutually beneficial agreement.

Background Checks and Reference Checks

Who Might Encounter This: This final verification stage is a standard procedure for most candidates who have successfully received a job offer.

What’s It About? Background checks typically involve verifying your educational qualifications, employment history, and sometimes even a review of your credit history or criminal record, depending on the nature of the job. Reference checks, on the other hand, involve contacting your previous employers, mentors, or academic advisors to vouch for your professional abilities and character.

For instance, if you’re stepping into a finance role, your potential employer might conduct a thorough check of your credit history and qualifications. It’s important to ensure that all the information you’ve provided throughout the interview process is accurate and verifiable.

The Interview Process: Bottom Line

From the initial nerves of the pre-screening call to the strategic depths of case study interviews and the final step of job offers and negotiations, understanding each is key to a successful career launch. These stages offer a unique opportunity to showcase your strengths and align your skills with your dream job.

Don’t miss the chance to stay updated with more career insights and guidance. Subscribe to GradSimple for regular updates and tips to steer your career in the right direction. Your journey to career success starts here!

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Head Writer and Editor for GradSimple. She also translates all of Ricky's incoherent raccoon ramblings into readable content (newsletter subscribers know what's up).

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